There are 7 generally accepted elements of interior design and these include: space, light, form, texture, colour, furniture and objects. Each of these elements should work together to achieve a visibly pleasing house, shop, restaurant or office, which fulfills the client’s needs and wants.
The first element of space refers to the actual building or room that the interior designer can work with. This is the basic structure of the room or building including the walls, floors, ceiling, doors and windows as well as the beams and columns that support the structure. This is the “blank canvas” so to speak that the designer works with to enhance style and functionality.
The next element is light. Lighting in interior design can really create the mood and ambience of a room as well as change the way colours and textures can be seen. Lighting can include natural light or artificial light. There are 3 main types of artificial lighting and they are task lighting, accent lighting and mood lighting. These are all very important in helping to create a certain feel, mood and style in particular rooms.
Another important element is form. This refers to the outline or shape of furniture, objects or the space itself. It is important to achieve good form by getting right the proportions and scales of the room.
The fourth element is texture. This is sometimes an underestimated element that can really bring a powerful dimension to a room. Texture can be used for an example to break up a monochrome room. By adding texture you add depth and interest. Texture can be added by using rugs, wallpaper, cushions and drapes to name a few.
The fifth element is colour. Colours can affect the mood and the feel of a room. It can be used to bring calm and serenity or it can be used to create excitement. The colour can also change the perception of how big or small a room is! The clever use of colour can never be underestimated and must be thoroughly thought through when completing an interior design job.
The sixth and seventh elements of interior design relate to furniture and objects. Furniture can provide functionality to a room as well as contribute to the overall style and feel. An interior designer must choose furniture that suits the needs of the client yet keeps in line with the overall design of the space. Objects add a very personal touch to the space. Although objects add personality to a space, they must still be chosen carefully to be in harmony with the rest of the interior.
In conclusion, by using the 7 elements of interior design described above, an interior designer can work with a client to help them achieve exactly what is right for them and for their purpose. The end result should be something that is beautiful to look at yet functions in perfect harmony with what the client needs, whether that be a stylish family home or an ultra modern, chic office building.